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National Archives

WHORM - Federal Aid (FA)

(3.0 linear feet; boxes 1-9)

A primary subject category containing information pertaining to federal financial aid to state and local governments in the form of loans, grants, and shared revenue for transportation projects, education programs, public health facilities and personnel, housing for senior citizens and the poor, the arts, and other related matters. Types of records found include letters from constituents, correspondence with Senators, governors, congressmen, and mayors, memos circulating between the White House and various federal departments and agencies, papers stating the position of the Bush Administration on key issues and important pieces of legislation, copies of bills, and assorted brochures and pamphlets. The researcher can see how Bush and his lieutenants attempted to handle requests for financial assistance from the nation's capital in an even-handed and dispassionate manner. They continually reminded people writing in that the President could not personally intervene in the competitive bidding process for grants and must allow governmental regulations to run their course. Even with persistent letter writers a tone of professional courtesy was generally maintained. This category has very few documents closed due to the restrictions of the Presidential Records Act.

DESCRIPTION OF SECONDARY FILE CODES

FA Federal Aid (1.4 ft.; boxes 1-4 scanned)

A secondary subject category containing materials relating to federal aid in general. A considerable amount of correspondence can be found here dealing with such topics as the need for additional funds in the budget for reparations to be paid Japanese-Americans who were interned during World War II, the possibility of finding more money for research in the biomedical sciences, opposition to the proposal of turning over discretion of Community Development Block Grants (CDBG) from the federal level to state governments, and opposition to federal funding for conducting a study of the sexual habits of Americans. In a few instances federal aid dealt with in subsequent file codes is handled at least partially under this category. For example, letters concerning proposed spending cuts in mass transit are located here as well as within FA007. The reasoning behind such an arrangement does not appear to be readily discernible and could pose problems for the researcher.

FA001 Airport Construction (.1 ft.; box 4 scanned)

A secondary subject category containing materials relating to the need for federal assistance in the building of new airports and the adding on of improvements to already existing facilities. The greater portion of this file code is devoted to the attempt of Burton D. Morgan to obtain federal financing for an International Air Terminal and Trade Center to be located in Northeast Ohio. Despite numerous entreaties on the part of Morgan for Bush to intervene and acquire the necessary funds, his increasingly persistent letters received only polite negative replies from the President's subordinates.

FA002 Arts (.1 ft.; box 4 scanned)

A secondary subject category containing materials relating to federal funding for the arts. The controversy surrounding the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) and the use of money from Washington to put on exhibits (such as the infamous Robert Mapplethorpe photos) many people found tasteless and offensive stands out as the single most outstanding issue addressed by letter writers. Many constituents even went as far as to advocate the replacement of John Frohnmayer as chairman of the NEA.

FA003 Education (.6 ft.; boxes 5-6 scanned)

A secondary subject category containing materials relating to the federal government supplying the prerequisite monies crucial to the existence of key education programs. Numerous examples can be cited as cases in point. The need for the full funding of Head Start, greater federal investment in academic facilities for research and training, increased federal aid for disabled student loans, and reducing regulations on federally sponsored research at universities are just a few of the matters dealt with at length here. Other kinds of records (besides correspondence) include fact sheets and copies of bills. The former seem to revolve around the aftermath of the Los Angeles riots in the spring of 1992 and how to best help the affected areas return to a degree of normalcy. Two specific projects along these lines would be "Weed and Seed" and Federal Relief Assitance (FRA). Among the bills broken down in detail are the Income Dependent Education Assistance Act of 1991 (IDEA) and the State and Local GI Bill for Children.

FA004 Housing (.4 ft.; boxes 6-7 scanned)

A secondary subject category containing materials relating to federal funds for housing. The primary focus of the documents within this file code involve pleas on the part of prominent public officials for the Bush Administration to provide the appropriations necessary to maintain their many housing programs at full effectiveness. Among the projects discussed in some degree are the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP), Urban Development Action Grant (UDAG), Comprehensive Improvement Assistance Program (CIAP), and Community Services Block Grant (CSBG) program. In addition, a number of correspondents try to make a convincing case for the full funding of the Emergency Community Services Homeless Program (EHP) under the McKinney Act.

FA005 Public Health (.1 ft.; boxes 7-8 scanned)

A secondary subject category containing materials relating to the federal government furnishing aid in such interrelated medical fields as research, facilities, and personnel. Subjects covered here include opposition to the use of federal funds for abortion, the need for more money to be utilized in Lyme Disease research and bone marrow testing, concern over the funding provisions of the Catastrophic Health Program, and the Breast and Cervical Cancer Mortality Prevention Act of 1990. The topic of one accordion file folder, the issue of abortion and federal aid receives a considerable amount of attention. Specifically, all of the letter writers wants the Bush Administration to remain steadfast in its ban on the usage of Title X funding for abortion counseling at taxpayer-subsidized clinics.

FA006 Revenue Sharing (.1 ft.; box 8 scanned)

A secondary subject category containing materials relating to revenue sharing. People write in calling for the reinstatement of the federal revenue sharing program, supporting the administration's disapproval of the Revenue Act of 1992, and asking for assistance in filling out grant applications. They are especially concerned with the negative impact Bush's block grant proposal will have on Indian tribes, cities, and municipalities. The researcher should note that this is the third file code (FA, FA004, and now FA006) under which records pertaining to block grants can be found.

FA007 Transportation (.2 ft.; boxes 8-9 scanned)

A secondary subject category containing materials relating to federal funding for transportation. The vast majority of the records here focus on how things would go haywire if money from Washington was reduced in any way. For instance, constituents describe the dire effects that would be experienced by localities due to cutbacks in aid to mass transit, particularly in the case of Amtrak. Also, Senators and other prominent individuals come out quite strongly in favor of continued appropriations for their pet transportation projects. Senator John D. Rockefeller IV (West Virginia) sets forth in detail the economic benefits completion of the Appalachian Corridor Highway System would have for his home state and the entire region. Related matters covered in this file code include the national transportation policy and bicycle policy of the Bush Administration.

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