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Dominique de Menil and her husband John de Menil have been long-time patrons of the arts since their arrival in Houston in 1941 as escapees from Nazi-occupied France. The rich de Menil legacy lives on today in such celebrated projects as the multi-volume Image of the Black in Western Art, the Rothko Chapel, and the Menil Collection, which houses some 16,000 paintings, sculptures, works on paper, photographs and rare books. Dominique de Menil also joined with former President Jimmy Carter in 1986 to establish the Carter-Menil Human Rights Foundation, an organization which rewards individuals and organizations who commit their lives for the advancement of human rights. Her devotion to art and human rights has been honored by notable awards from both France and the United States.