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The composer of Maple Leaf Rag and other ragtime classics, Scott Joplin was born in Texas, but the exact place is uncertain. His family moved to Texarkana when Joplin was a child, and there he learned the fundamentals of music from whites for whom his mother did domestic work. After working in brothels and saloons, Joplin settled in St. Louis around 1890. His Maple Leaf Rag, composed about 1899, sold a million copies in sheet music. He composed a ballet and an opera, Treemonisha, which is still performed. He was working on a ragtime symphony when he died. His music, adapted for use in the motion picture, The Sting, won an Oscar. In 1976 he was awarded a posthumous Pulitzer Prize for Treemonisha.