His fellow Houstonians called him “Mr. Houston” because, more than any other person, Jesse Jones made Houston a major metropolitan city. A player on the national political scene, Jones secured the first national convention of a major political party for Houston and Texas: the 1928 Democratic National Convention. During the Depression of the 1930s, Jones persuaded the city’s leading bankers to unite to save the city’s financial institutions from ruin. Houston Endowment Inc., the philanthropic foundation that Jones and his wife, Mary Gibbs Jones, founded, still helps worthy projects in Houston and elsewhere. Many of the buildings Jones erected, including that of his newspaper, the Houston Chronicle, remain important elements of downtown Houston.