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As the nation’s first Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare in 1953, Oveta Culp Hobby supervised introduction of the Salk vaccine to prevent polio. During World War II she headed the Women’s Army Corps, originally intended to train women for 54 military jobs. After Hobby organized the group, the WACs filled 239 jobs. By 1944, the WAC boasted 600,000 members, more than three times its authorized strength. Hobby later headed the family’s newspaper, the Houston Post, and contributed to its importance in journalism and in civic improvement. She was the wife of former Texas Gov. William P. Hobby.