A towering figure of the Texas cattle kingdom in general and the Texas Panhandle in particular, Charles Goodnight has been called “the paradigm cattle baron of the Old West.” With his friend Oliver Loving, Goodnight blazed the Goodnight-Loving trail from Texas to Wyoming, one of the great cattle routes to market. His JA Ranch, bankrolled by an English capitalist, at its maximum size comprised 1.3 million acres. There, Goodnight pioneered irrigation and improved cattle herds by breeding. He also maintained a huge herd of buffalo. By breeding bison and Angus cattle, Goodnight produced the “cattalo.” In 1958, he was one of the original five men voted into the National Cowboy Hall of Fame. Goodnight was the model for the character Woodrow Call in Larry McMurtry’s Lonesome Dove.