Born in a sod house in Kansas, Everette Lee DeGolyer was the father of geophysical exploration for oil, developing technology that was adopted and used worldwide. DeGolyer also discovered two vast oil fields in Mexico, organized Amerada Petroleum Corp. and was distinguished professor of geology at the University of Texas at Austin. Learned and cultured, DeGolyer donated his collection of first editions and rare books to University of Texas at Austin. He gained control of the literary magazine the Saturday Review and supported its existence for several years. A longtime resident of Dallas he gave his library of books on oil exploration and Western and Mexican history to Southern Methodist University. In 1930 DeGolyer authored the entry on Antonio López de Santa Anna for the Encyclopedia Britannica.