The world’s first licensed black pilot, Bessie Coleman was born in Atlanta, Texas, and grew up in Waxahachie. After being licensed in France in 1921, she appeared in numerous air shows and stunt flights in the United States. She settled in Houston in 1925 and made her first Texas appearance in that year in Houston on “Juneteenth,” the anniversary of the freeing of slaves in Texas. Known as “Black Bessie,” Coleman encouraged other African-Americans to become aviators. She was killed in a test flight in Jacksonville, Fla. In 1995 the United States issued a postage stamp in her honor.